Today in Canada, women cannot have economic security without paid employment outside of the home. To get access to paid employment, women with children need access to affordable early learning and child care services women—and those services must be high-quality and inclusive. The motherhood penalty Canadian data show that women with young children are less… Continue reading Early Learning and Child Care: Essential for Women’s Economic Security
Rapid growth since 2006 For-profit child care—large corporate-type, regional chain and single-owner operations—has grown rapidly in Canada since 2006. Before 2004, the share of total spaces operated as for-profit entities had been dropping steadily, down to 20 per cent of total spaces by 2004. After 2006, however, funding for public child care and expansion of… Continue reading The Growth of For-Profit Child Care in Canada
On Jun 12, 2017 the federal government announced a Multilateral Early Learning and Child Care Framework (MFA) which sets the foundation for federal, provincial and territorial governments to work together “toward a shared long-term vision where all children can experience the enriching environment of quality early learning and child care that supports children’s development to… Continue reading Canada’s New Early Learning and Child Care Framework
Profit-making in child care gives rise to four main concerns: 1) the quality of programs is eroded by the drive to make profit; 2) the diversion of public funds to profit-making is an “inefficient” approach to expanding quality child care and making it more affordable for parents; 3) it is unethical to derive profit from the… Continue reading Why For-Profit Child Care is Not the Solution
It’s complicated Each of Canada’s jurisdictions—10 provinces, three territories—has several programs for child care and early childhood education. Theses programs tend to have multiple objectives, such as “giving children the best start in life,” school readiness, early intervention, women’s equality, support for families and poverty reduction. There is no overall national child care program. However, since… Continue reading How Early Learning and Child Care is Organized in Canada
All provinces/territories license regulated child care services according to their provincial legislation and regulations. Regulated child care services include: centre-based full-day child care regulated family child care school-aged child care most provinces/territories, nursery schools or preschools There are enough regulated spaces for only 27.2 per cent of children aged 0-12 years old in Canada. There… Continue reading Types of Child Care in Canada
Every child in Canada would be able to access high quality early-learning and child care services within 10 years The Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives’ Alternative Federal Budget 2019, No Time to Lose, proposed a revised approach to Canada’s early learning and child care (ELCC), including increased federal government spending to establish universal, comprehensive, publicly… Continue reading What would be in a child care-friendly federal budget?
In the last few decades, as early learning and child care (ELCC) has become more widespread, questions have emerged about what high-quality care is and what factors impact quality. Today, there is abundant research literature about the characteristics, correlates, assessments and measurement of quality. One conclusion of this work is that “quality matters”– that is,… Continue reading What is High-Quality Early Learning and Child Care and how is it Achieved?
Federal spending to create universal child care essential to economic growth Child Care Now submitted its recommendations to the House of Commons Finance Committee in advance of the 2019 Budget. The committee requested that submissions focus on measures to ensure Canada’s competitiveness. Titled Universal Early Learning and Child Care: Essential to Canada’s Competitiveness, Child Care… Continue reading Child Care Now 2019 submission to Finance Committee
What is a child care market? Child Care markets are the consequence of governments taking limited interest in, or influence on, how child care is set up, maintained and delivered. In a child care market, parents who need early learning and child care services assume the role of consumers and are required to “shop” for… Continue reading Why Child Care Markets don’t Work for Anyone